Thyroid – Its Symptoms and causes

BY Dr. Tanvi Mayur Patel, MBBS Masters in Endocrinology Published on December 3, 2021


The thyroid gland is located beneath the skin in front of your neck. The thyroid gland is found below the Adam's apple and wraps around the windpipe, which is the tube in your throat. This disease is a medical term that refers to a condition in which the gland does not produce enough hormones. A multitude of situations can cause these two major illnesses. Thyroid disease can affect people of all ages, including men, women, newborns, teenagers, and the elderly. New research has found that women have a much higher chance than men of being diagnosed with a thyroid problem, approximately five to eight times more likely.

Causes and Symptoms

If you have any of the following conditions, you are at an increased risk of getting thyroid disease:

  •  Consumption of drugs containing a high iodine level.
  • Have undergone any treatments, such as a thyroidectomy or radiation.

Causes of hypothyroidism

The human body can develop two forms of thyroid conditions: hyperthyroid and hypothyroid. Each of these diseases has its own causes, which we will address in greater detail below.

  • Thyroiditis is a disorder in which the thyroid gland becomes inflamed. Researchers have discovered that this issue may reduce the production of hormones by the gland in the body.
  • Iodine deficit refers to a lack of Iodine, which the gland uses to make hormones. Iodine deficiency is a problem that affects millions of individuals worldwide.

Causes of hyperthyroidism:

Hyperactive thyroid nodules can characterize hyperthyroidism. A toxic autonomously functioning thyroid nodule is a single bump, while a toxic multi-nodular goitre is a gland with multiple bumps. Nodules are a type of ailment.


If you have such illness, you may suffer a range of symptoms. Moreover, doctors often mistake the symptoms for those of different health problems and stages of growth.

  •  Anxiety, impatience, and nervousness are all evident.
  • Having trouble sleeping.
  • Having vision problems or eye irritation.
  • Gaining weight.
  • Experiencing forgetfulness.
  • Cold temperatures are causing intolerance.


Thyroid disease is typically a life-long medical issue that must be regularly managed. It needs the patient to take care of their medications. Your healthcare practitioner will evaluate your treatments and make changes as needed. Thyroid disease, on the other hand, allows you to live a regular life. It may take some time to identify the correct treatment choice for you and control your hormone levels, but persons with these illnesses may usually live a normal life.


Dr. Tanvi Mayur Patel, MBBS Masters in Endocrinology

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