Male Breast Enlargement – Gynecomastia

BY Dr. Nitin Ghag , MBBS, DNB(Gen Surg), DNB Published on February 14, 2022


The condition of male breast enlargement is also known as Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is the term used to describe the overdevelopment or enlargement of breasts in men, which can occur at any age. Various factors, such as hormonal imbalance, heredity, obesity, or certain drug consumption, contribute to the occurrence of this condition in men.

Male breast enlargement or gynecomastia can cause emotional discomfort and impairs your self-confidence. Due to this abnormal condition, many men avoid physical activities and intimacy simply to hide their condition.. An imbalance of estrogen and androgen typically causes Gynecostamia. 

How does it happen?

Men’s bodies usually produce small amounts of estrogen, the hormone that controls breast growth. If your body produces too much estrogen or you have low testosterone (hypogonadism), your breasts may enlarge. Men may also produce estrogen, though usually in small quantities. Male estrogen levels that are too high or are out of balance with testosterone levels result in causing gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia refers to the increase in fat but not the glandular tissue in male breasts. Generally, Gynecostamia isn’t a problem, but it can be tough to handle such abnormal conditions. Men and boys suffering from Gynecomastia do sometimes have pain in their breasts and they even do feel embarrassed.

Common Symptoms

Let us understand the symptoms of Gynecomastia which includes: Pain, Swollen Breast Tissue, Tenderness in the Breast, etc.

Substances that cause Gynecomastia are as follows:-

  • Alcohol
  • Anabolic steroids used to build muscle and athletic performance
  • Amphetamines
  • Marijuana
  • Heroin
  • Methadone

Let's acknowledge preventive measures to stay away from deadly sufferings :

● Stop consuming drugs - Drugs such as Anabolic steroids, heroin, marijuana, etc.

● Avoid Alcohol

Surgeons can suction out the fat under the breast using liposuction through a small keyhole. They can also remove the gland under the nipple through a small incision in that area.

This is a simple and most commonly done procedure. It is a daycare procedure. You do not need admission.You can undergo the procedure under general anesthesia or opt for local anesthesia with sedation.


Dr. Nitin Ghag , MBBS, DNB(Gen Surg), DNB

Plastic Surgery

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