ACNE – a very common problem to all

BY Dr. Mrunalini Valasani, MD Published on August 5, 2021

Learn about the causes, triggers, and effective treatments for acne. Discover how hormonal changes, diet, and stress can impact pimples. Additionally, explore treatment options such as chemical peels to take control of your skin health and prevent severe consequences.

Understanding Acne:

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when oil glands become blocked, resulting in forms like blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. It is frequently observed in teenagers and adults, often attributed to stress and hormonal changes.

Effective Treatments: Treating it involves a comprehensive approach tailored to its severity. Here are some options:

Mild Acne:
- Over-the-counter face washes containing salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can be effective.
- Topical creams like retinoids and antibiotics are beneficial.
Moderate Acne:
- In addition to topical treatments, oral antibiotics and vitamin A derivatives may be prescribed..
Severe Acne:
- Specialized evaluation for hormonal imbalances or congenital adrenal hyperplasia may be necessary.

Additional treatments:

Dermatological advancements offer a range of options for scar treatment and improving skin texture. Explore the following treatments:

  • Chemical Peels: Salicylic acid and other chemical peels can help improve acne and reduce inflammation.
  • Micro-needling: Derma rollers with multiple needles are used to improve scars.
  • Laser Therapies: Different types of lasers are available for scar revision.
Maintaining Healthy Skin:

Besides medical treatments, it is essential to maintain a regular skincare routine to manage and prevent acne.. Here are some tips to follow.

  • Cleansing:
    • Regularly cleanse your skin with mild soap to remove excess oil and dirt.
  • Haircare:
    • Shampoo your hair regularly and keep it away from your face to avoid clogging pores.
  • Makeup:
    • Opt for water-based or noncomedogenic makeup.
  • Avoid Squeezing:
    • Refrain from squeezing pimples to prevent bacterial spread and inflammation.
  • Diet and Stress:
    • Follow a healthy diet low in refined sugars and reduce stress levels.
External Resources:

For more information on acne, explore the following external resources:

  • American Academy of Dermatology - Link
  • Mayo Clinic - Link
  • WebMD - Link
  • Healthline - Link

Understanding the causes and triggers of acne is crucial for effective management. By adopting a tailored approach that addresses hormonal changes, diet, and stress, along with appropriate treatments like chemical peels and microdermabrasion, you can take control of your skin health. Remember to consult a dermatologist for personalized guidance in severe acne cases. Stay informed and empowered on your journey to healthier skin.


Dr. Mrunalini Valasani, MD

Dermatology (Skin specialist), Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA

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